Gujjar Inscriptions May 21, 2010 17:47:24 GMT 5.5
Post by AP Singh on May 21, 2010 17:47:24 GMT 5.5
Sambhal Copper-Plate of Nagabhata II; Vikrama samvata 885
This is the first known charter of Nagabhatdeva, the son of Vatsarajadeva from Sundari Devi and the grandson of Devasaktideva, though there is an inscription of his time –the Buchkala inscription from Jodhpur region dated in the Vikrama year 872 (AD 815). That he was Nagabhata II, the fourth ruler of the Gurjara Pratihara family is too clear to require demonstration. It is well-known that he, after having defeated Cakrayudha before AD 815, annexed his kingdom and transferred his seat of government to Kanauj, which henceforth continued to be the capital of the dynasty.
This grant also exposes R.C. Majumdar who was the historian of Pala from Bengal, and he wilfully did cheating at many places in the history written by him. He said that” if Nagabhata really transferred his capital (to Kanauj), it is very likely towards the close of his reign circa AD 830 after (the Pala king) Dharmapala had died and his son and successor Devapala had enjoyed the position of the supreme ruler of northern India.” He was such a great cheat that he translated Gwalior Sagartal inscription and translated the term "Pratiharan Vidherya" as door keeper, whereas this term translate to the style of Gujjar Pratihars that surprise, defeat and kill the enemy at his own land with a magical speed, like Laxmana killed Meghnada in Ramayana.
The grant was written by Giyaka, the Dutaka being the Yuvaraja named Rama who was loved by all. The identity of Giyaka remains obscure. Rama is evidently Ramabhadra, also called Ramadeva, who was the son of Nagabhatadeva II from Istadevi and father of Bhojadeva I. The association of a crown prince, with the office of the Dutaka calls for attention. This is not the only case of an heir-apparent being charged with the conveyance of the grant. The Daulatpura plate of the Pratihara king Bhojadeva I, dated in the Vikrama year 900, refers to Dutaka Yuvaraja Nagabhata ( Ref:1). Records of other families refer to crown princes discharging the same function. Sometimes this office was combined with that of a Dandapasika (an official connected with police and judiciary) Dandapasika Amaraditya was the Dutaka of the Ahar stone inscription12 (no.10 of the Pratihara king Bhojadeva I, the grandson of Nagabhatadeva II. P. Bhatia has rightly remarked that ‘the Dutaka was a high officer who conveyed the ruler’s sanction of charter to local officials.
The copperplate, contents of which are published here for the first time was obtained in May 1993 by Sri Taufiq Ahmed Qadri Chisti. an antique dealer of Amroha, from one of the shops selling old and broken articles at Sambhal in the Moradabad district of UP.
1. Om swati/Sri mahoday-avasit-aneka-(a)no-hasty-asvaratah-patti-sampanna-skandhavarat-para-
2. mahavaisnavo maharaja-sri-Devasaktidevas=tasya puttras-tat-pad-anudhyatah sri-bhuyik (a)-
3. devyam=utpannah paramamhesvaro maharaja-sri-Vatsarajadevas=tasya puttras=ta
4. t-pad-anudhyatah sri-Sundaridevyam=utpannah param bhagavatibhakto maharaja-sri-Naga-
5. bhatadevah// ahicchatra-bhuktau Gunapure-mandala-visaya-samva (ba) ddha-sambhupallikagra-
6.hara-samu-pa-gatan=sarvvan=eva yathasthananiyukta=prativasinas=ca sama-
7. jnapayati/Uparilikhit-agraharas=sarvvaya-sameta a-candrarkka-ksiti-
8. kalam=purvvadatta-devavra (bra) hmadeya-varjjito rajasasana (m) drstva bhogan=ca jnatva ma-
9. ya pittroh puny-abhivriddhaye Bharadvaja-sagottra Madhadina-vajasaneyasa vra (bra0 10. hmacari-bhatta-suryarata/bhatta-nagarata/bhatta ravirata/bhatta-narayanarata/bha- 11.tta-Prabhakararat-anvayaja-brahmananam prag-bhogakramenaiva pratipadita iti
12. viditva bhavadbhir=anumantavyah prativasibhir=apy=ajnasravana=vidheyrai=bhutva sarvvayas-samu-
13. Paneya iti/Giyakena prayuktasya sasanasya sthirayateh/Dutako Yuvarajottra Ra-
14. makhyo janvallabhah/samvat 100 [X] 8[=800+]80[+]5[=885] Jyestha vadi 7 niva (ba) dham //
Om. May it be well! From the royal military camp furnished with many bullock carts, elephants, horses, chariots and foot-soldiers, which is situated at the glorious Mahodaya—(there was ) the devout worshipper of Visnu, the Maharaja Saktideva, his son, born of Bhuyikadevi, was the devout worshipper of Mahesvara, the maharaja Vatsarajadeva, who meditated on his (father’s) feet; his son, born of Sundaridevi was the maharaja Nagabhatadeva who was greatly devoted to (the goddess) Bhagavati and a meditator on the feet of his (father)—(the, that is, Nagabhatadeva) (thus) commands all the inhabitants and the officers appointed to several offices, assembled at the agrahara village of Sambhupallika attached to the Gunapura sub-division and district in the division of Ahicchatra:
After having seen the royal order and been acquainted with the periodical offerings, the above mentioned agrahara together with all the income, exclusive of all the gifts already granted for the gods and Brahmanas, have been given away by me to endure as long as the Moon, the Sun and the Earth exist, for the increase of the religious merit of my parents to the Brahmanas-Bhatta Suryarata, Bhatta Nagarata, Bhatta Ravirata and Bhatta Narayanrata—born of the family of Bhatta Prabhakararata of the Bharadvaja gotra and the Madhyandina-Vajasaneya Sakha, in accordance with the previous enjoyment. Knowing this, you should assent to it; the residents (of the village) also being obedient on hearing the order should make over all the dues to these donees. Of the firmly enduring charter, written by Giyaka, the dutaka is here the crown prince Rama, a favorite of peoples. Recorded on the Seventh day of the dark fortnight of Jyestha in the Samvat 885.
Notes and References:-
1. Ep. Ind., V. p. 209.
Bhojadeva I ascended the throne with a son young enough to be his heir-apparent, and when he died after a long reign of more than half a century, this crown prince named Nagabhata either predeceased him or was himself too old to rule. That is why the genealogical lists in the records of the later Pratiharas ignore him completely. Cf. Puri, B.N. The History of the Gurjara Pratiharas, 1957, Munshiram Manoharlal, Delhi, p. 97, second revised edn. In 1986.
2. Puri, B.N.., op.cit.,p.165
3. Bhatia, P. The Paramaras, Munshiram Manoharlal, Delhi, 1970, p. 213.
4. Word Om in Verse 1 is Expressed by the symbol in the inscription.
5. The word anos/anas in the inscription denotes carts/carriages for transporting military articles and food stuff. Etc.